“First Stage of Cruelty”, cruelty to animals

Hogarth’s  The Four Stages of Cruelty (1751) depict, fictional protagonist Tom Nero as he progresses from cruelty to animals as a child, to cruelty to animals as an adult. While various Scenes of sportive Woe, The Infant Race employ, And tortur’d Victims bleeding shew, The Tyrant in the Boy. Behold! a Youth of gentler Heart, To…

My Way is Not the Only Way

For the sake of argument, let us imagine that Cesar Millan is right. We will imagine a universe where punishment causes no adverse psychological effects. In Millan’s reality punishment does not elicit fear and it does not cause aggression; punching a dog will not cause it to bite. Confrontational methods don’t result in defensive aggression;…