Seeing Stress Means Feeling Stress

Humans don’t have to directly experience trauma to be deeply affected; seeing someone else go through a distressing event can often be equally stressful. The vicarious experience is often sufficiently stressful to produce negative long-term effects resulting in PTSD, depression and other mood disorders.  For humans, seeing stress is often the same as feeling stress.…

A Review of Brad Pattison’s Puppy Book

Ruled by Fear. Rules by Fear. There is one recurring theme in Brad Pattison’s Puppy Book- FEAR. Fear dominates every aspect of Pattison’s interaction with the world. Fear infects this book and runs rampant like an unchecked disease; a pox leaving its mark on every decision, every action and every argument. Fear breeds hostility; toward…

Lighting the Pathways of Reward and Punishment

“Positive reinforcement results in lasting behavioral modification, whereas punishment changes behavior only temporarily and presents many detrimental side effects.” B.F. Skinner (1970) Balanced and dominance trainers tend to present reward and punishment as opposite sides of the same coin, as if choosing one over the other was a matter of taste. This simplistic picture ignores…

Real Intuition Requires Expertise

“Every Chess master was once a beginner”  — GM Irving Chernev Watching a high performer navigate quickly through a fast changing landscape one can’t help but notice the ease and speed that decisions are made. High performers make it look easy; decisions come fast with little deliberate thought and they remain accurate. Observers tend to…